Taqdeer and Tadbeer

Taqdeer and Tadbeer

Written By : Mr. Shamsul Haq Awan
Taqdeer and Tadbeer Date.16-2-2008

Thinkers Forum Pakistan

Taqdeer and Tadbeer                                                                    Date.16-2-2008


Thinkers Forum Pakistan



At the very outset I would like to thank General Asad Durrani who has placed a very touchy issue of taqdeer (Destiny) and Tadbeer (planning), on the floor of T.F.P, about which people avoid debating .In fact this topic is of scholarly discussion needs thorough deliberation. All psychological and theological conceptions of Muslim ummah revolve around it. Religious scholars have banned talking on it, as a result the whole ummah is being driven by the orthodox concept continuing from the time of Ummayads, contrary to the Quranic concept Muslims think that God has destined each and every act and it is written in a book which no body can change. Man is a stereo type worker and has no option of adoption.




To me, there are two theories which are root cause of Muslim decline have been devised after the completion of Quran contrary to the practical life of Muhammad (PBUH). The teachings of Quran and the life of prophet is full of struggle and actions but the theories advocates that you can not change your fate once it is written.




1.                  Divine rights of the kings -Verily the king is shadow of Allah.


2.                  All the fates whether good or bad are from Allah, one can't change it, therefore one need not to struggle.




Both these theories have been Islamized after the out of Khilafat e Rashida and in the regime of Ummayads. Muslims are reciting these theories in every Jumma prayer regularly and chant slogans against sitting president in Abpara Chowk Islamabad. This dichotomy has confused the mind of Ummah and made it genetically immune to subdue to every one who could dominate them .These theories have snatched the urge of struggle, resultantly placed it at the lowest ebb in global ranking and present a true replica of Bani Israel.




            '' Killing your sons and sparing your women and therein was almighty trial from your Lord.--Alquran-2-49




            Muslim youth is showing resentment over this plight and this is high time to unshackle the ties of slavery through Quranic perception.







Before we forward to understand Taqdeer and Tadbeer we must understand the status of Man in the universe. According to available information, the advent of universe was from Big Bang. From Big Bang to the level of man billions of years and numerous stages of evolution occurred then A Unique Creation------Man came into being. A comprehensive plan of creation was manifest in the physical and metaphysical spheres through continuous process of creation in the universe. Universe is designed on truth, it is flawless and just. Its law are unchanged .Nations are tested on the law of nature a nation is annihilated because it has abdicated the law of Nature and the other is pushed forward because it is acting in accord with it.



''Who has created the seven heavens one another; you can see no fault in the creation of the Most Gracious. then look again: ''Can you see any rift?''    Alquran  67.3


''So set you, your face towards the religion. Allah's FITRAT with which He has created mankind. No change let their be in KHAIQILLAH. That is the straight religion, but most of men know not.    Alquran 30.30



 It is a general phenomenon, where there is an authority there is a responsibility. Man was given full authority of knowledge and supremacy.  And a responsibility of being Khalifa.     




And indeed We have honored the children of Adam and We have carried them on land sea and have provided them with Atteyebat and have preferred them above many of these whom We have created with marked preferment. Alquran -17.70.                        



Verily, We created man in the best stature (mould). -----Alquran.    95.4                                                                                   


And(remember )when your Lord said to the angels; Verily, I am going to place khalifa on the earth .They said ;Will  You place therein those who will make mischief therein and shed blood--- while we glorify You with praises and thanks and sanctify You. He (s) said; I know that which you do not know Alquran 2. 30.








Man has been given special status over all creations and he has been provided special safe guards.



Safe Guards


Allah (sut) has said,


He is the Irresistible (Supreme), over His slaves and He sends guardians over you, until when death approaches one of you ,Our messengers take his soul, and never neglect their duty.        Alquran 6.61


Verily, proofs have to you from your Lord, so who so ever sees, will do so for his own self, and whosoever blinds himself, will do his own harm, and I am not watcher over you.


For him (each person),there are angels in succession ,before and behind him. They guard him by the Command of Alllah.-------Alquran 13.11


 There is no human being but has a protector over him.       Alquran  86.4.


But verily, over you to protect you (to   watch you ) Alquran 82,10.




Allah has made man viceroy and gave authority over all creations and ordered them to obey in all circumstances. Angels who can proud to be more superior were ordered to bow before him. And surely We created you and then gave you shape; then We told the angels: Prostate yourself to Adam: and they prostrated themselves except IBLIS. He refused to be of who prostrated themselves. Alquran 7.11


So when I have him completely and breathed into him the soul which I created for him ,then fall down prostrating yourselves unto him .So the angels prostrated themselves,  all of them together. Except IBLIS --------he refused to be among the prostrates. Alquran 15 ..29.30 31






''Allah is He Who has created the heavens and earth and sends down water from the sky , and thereby brought forth fruits as supervision for you; and He has made the ships to be of service to you, that they may sail through the sea by His Command; and He has made rivers to be of service to you.''         Alquran .14 32


'' See you not that Allah has subjected for you what sever is in the heavens and whatsoever is in the earth , and completed and perfected His Graces upon you, apparent and hidden. Yet of mankind is he who disputes about Allah without knowledge or guidance or a Book giving light ''   Alquran 31.20


''And has subjected to you all that is in the heavens and all that is in the earth: it is all as a favour and kindness from Him. Verily ,in it are signs for a people who think deeply. Alquran  45 .13.


''He it is Who created for you all thaton the earth. Alquran 2.29 .






Man has trillions over trillions genetic cells and every cell has to perform a specific role .Minimum capacity of a person can be like a solid mess and he is unable to contribute any thing to his life, and maximum of his capacities are,that he is capable to meet  his Creator in this life. There are people who have set minimum and maximum parameters for those who dare ahead.


   '' Has there not been over man aperiod of time, when he was not a thing worth mentioning?  Alquran 76.1


   ''They are deaf dumb and blind, so they return not ''    Alquran 2 18.


   ''Glorified be He ,Who took His slave (Muhammad pbuh) for a journey by night from Al-musjid -al - Haram to Al-Masjid-Al-Aqsa,,the neighbourhood  whereof We have blessed, in order that We might show him of our Ayat. Verily, He is the All-Hearer, the All Seer. Alquran 17 .1


  In the journey of Mirage we know, as described by the Prophet (pbuh) that some prophets were seen at first heaven some on the second and some on the third and so on. This is according to the level of their capacities.






God has bestowed numerous faculties to the man so that he may be able to perform efficiently, the responsibilities assigned to him. The highest of all is thought process. For thought process, knowledge of whole the universe has been installed in him. It is now his duty to dig out that knowledge through constant efforts. Allah (sut) has said;


''And He taught Adam all the names, then he showed them to the angels and said ''Tell Me the names of these if you are truthful''.



Scope of Work



The Adam has been given vast capabilities ---worldly and heavenly both, in order to meet all sorts of challenges. His scope of work is not only this solar world but all the galaxies and the world Hereafter (celestial world) as well, for which he had been made Viceroy


 ''And when your Lord said to the angels; '' Verily I am going to place viceroy on earth.'' Alquran 2.30






As a viceroy all creations have been made subject to man for that he has been revealed sufficient knowledge at the time of birth. He has been given knowledge of right and wrong so that he may be able judge what is to his benefit and to his loss..


''Then He revealed him what is wrong for him and what is right for him..'' Alquran 91 .8


 ''Read!  In the name of your Lord Who has created. he has created man from a clot .Read !And your Lord is the Most Generous. Who has taught by the pen? He has taught man that which he knew not.   Alquran  96.1 to 5.


This shows that main focus lay on knowledge and wisdom. The highest faculty of a man is brain.  Knowledge is its driving force. Brain is the store house of knowledge. Latest theory tells us that it is not heart which dies but it is mind which ceases to work and causes death of the body. Focusing on mind means that with the help of brain we should try to understand the principles of rise and fall of nations.


According to Quranic verses the universe is designed on mathematical equations and events are inter-connected with each other. If an event occurs at some place its roots can be seen nearby, it is the result of events which took place before. The ruling principle of this world is Causes and Effects. Therefore, it is very much necessary to coincide Ayat-e-Qurani, Ayat-e Anfusi and Ayat-e Afaqi. Allah (sut) has said in the Holy Quran,                                                                                                                              


We will show them Our Signs in the universe ,and in the their own selves, until it becomes manifest to them that this is truth.Is it not sufficient in regard to your Lord that He is a Witness over all thing .---Alquran   41,53. 






Man was created as Khaifa, this Khilafat cannot materialize unless the whole mankind or bulk of it become aware of the principles of nature. Principles of nature cannot be understood unless it is conquered. Ayat Afaqi and Ayat Qurani help mankind to understand and materialize the assignment.






Man is very much similar to computer to understand to function. In computer there are three main segments. (1) KEY BOARD (2) C.P.U. (3) MONITOR -----. KEY BOARD is input. C.P.U.is processor. MONITOR is output.If key board and monitor is functioning well but giving no impression on monitor, will you consider it functioning? Definitely you will not. Similar is the case of man .there too are three main parts.(1) SENSORY PERCEPTIONS (2) BRAIN  (3) BODY PARTS.------SENSORY PERCEPTIONS are inputs They suck in information data and feed it to the brain. BRAIN pocess  it and pass on to will cell --the Heart, who decides actions .BODY PARTS obey the orders  and action comes into being. Supposing sensory perceptions worked, brain too worked but no result in the shape of actions came out, how one can say it tangible. Thoughts are properly expressed only when these are brought into practice. The practicalities of these actions cultivate new sense of thinking in human being and cultivate new possible realizations. We find that Allah (sut) has not only descended revelations but He made the universe as well .QURAN is word of God and the WORLD is work of God. 






Now we try to understand the meanings of word Taqdeer.The root of this word is QADAR.


Qadar means----------to plan a matter                                                                                                                                                 


                             to measure one thing in relation to other.                                                                                                              


                             to prepare something


                             to evaluate the work done


                             to plan for the work  in execution       (Al-Munjad.)                                                                                                                                     The concept of Taqdeer, that man is helpless  and can not change his fate because it has  already  been written before   his birth  ,is not Quranic concept. There is not a single Aya in Quran Hakim which tells us  that man is helpless , efforts can  not change his destiny .Contrary to it ,Quranic concept is that ,man is the architect of his fortune; He has to struggle for that which he wants to acquire and he will never get for which he has not strived. Allah (sut) has categorically said.






This world has been designed on CAUSE and EFFECT principle. If there is a cause there will be an effect.


   Where there is a smoke there is a fire.


   Where there is a wet there is there is a liquid.


   Where there is struggle there is gain --


   Where there is peace (Islam) there is prosperity and progress.-.


   No one can gain any thing without struggle. Allah( sut) has said.


 :And that man can have  nothing but what he does .--------53.39



NO STRUGGLE    {----------------NO    GAIN -----------}   LIFE.                                                                                                                                                                        






''  And you will be requited nothing except for what you used to  do.''           Alquran 37.39'  .


And whoever desires the Hereafter   and    strives for it, with the necessary effort due for it (i.e. does righteous deeds of Allah’s  obedience )while he is believer (in Oneness of Allah -Islamic Monotheism) --then  such are the ones whose striving shall be appreciated,(thanked and rewarded by Allah):                                    Alquran  17. 19     So whoever does righteous good deeds while he is believer, his efforts will not be rejected.  Verily     We record it for him.    Alquran  21.94                        



;Verily the Hour is coming  and i am almost hiding it every person may  be rewarded for that which he strives . Alquran 20.15                                                                                                                                                                   


            And to Allah belongs all that is in the Heavens and that is in the earth, that He may requite those     who do evil with that which they hane done ,and reward those who do with  what is best.  --- Alquran.53 31.    






Allah (sut) has made this world in a way that every one can make efforts for progress .The second principle is of gra dual development. One must bear these principles in mind while struggling, because Allah has said;



Say;’ Each one does according to SHAKILAITHI(CAPACITY/ INTENTION)     And your Lord knows best of him whose path is right'' Alquran 17.84.


''Allah burdens not a person beyond his scope  .He gets reward for that which he has earned and he is punished for that which he has earned.   Alquran 2.286.                                                                                                              





Allah is always at side of those who endeavour to progress and He does not wrong any one,He persuades  the weaker  instead. ''So do not become weak, nor be sad .and you will be superior if you are true believers.''      Alquran 3.139.






Man being combination of physics and metaphysics has greatest link with God. He is always dependant on Him (Allah) for continued guidance in the conduct of life. All the time Allah proposes before man two ways, he is independent to choose either of two.


 '' And shown him the two ways .But he has not attempted to pass on the path that is steep ‘‘. Alquran 90--10 .11.


 What is the good of enriching man with knowledge, educating  to utilize the world, training in  different activities, appointing as a viceroy  and prostrating of angels  if he has no freedom of choice and his fate has been predestined somewhere else.


Man has been given free choice of selection and in this selection lies his test .It is up to him to adopt the way he likes. If he adopts, the way which leads to success, will be awarded if he adopts otherwise, will have to face consequences. Therefore, it should be borne in mind that MAN IS THE ARCHITECT OF HIS OWN FATE, for which he needs perseverance and persistence to shape it well.






Allah(sut) has devised a comprehensive methodology of a successful man.He has categorically declared.


''Successful indeed are the believers. Those who offer prayers with all solemnity and submissiveness, and those who turn away from vain, and those who pay zakat, and those who guard their chastity, except from their wives or that their right hands possess,--for then they are free from blame; But whoever seeks beyond that, then those are transgressors; Those who are faithfully true to their AMANAT and to their covenants; and those who strictly guard their prayers. Those are indeed the inheritors. Who shall inherit the FIRDAUS. They shall dwell therein forever.         Alquran 23.--1to11.


The word believer has been taken merely on theological conception, it needs to be broadly explicated.


To us BELIEVE means to conceive the universal realities through knowledge. knowledge brings unity consensus, security and peace .Why the people do not fight on the issue that fire is cold and the ice is hot ,it is because they know that fire is hot and the ice is cold. Knowledge of universal realities