STATE, ISLAM, &SOCIETY
Here is a hard copy in your hand, of floating thoughts about an
ever-dynamic and complex rela-
tionship. Look at this triangle,
It is neither static nor of a fixed size. It is revolving around
Its centre and centre is eccentric as well. So it
rotates and wobbles too. Not only that, the direction
of rotation also changes! I do not know which actor to discuss first. However, I shall not touch non-state actors.
State. State meant sovereignty, and territory and a set of characteristics including government. It should also embody collective will for ‘collective good’. Government is headed and led by the PM in Pakistan. The ability to administer and maintain law and order is dependent upon two major factors. One is the law itself and the second, the effectiveness and efficiency of the law-enforcing agencies. But do not be led away, as if these are the only functions and role of a government.
In the wake of two episodes at D-Chowk in a span of two years the triangle is losing its shape and the constant sum of its angles (180 degs). It shakes when these short-sighted gain-oriented, so called, leaders see their part of triangle shrinking or squeezing. The ultimate cry is for the armed-forces' intervention and support. How naive was Dr. Tahir-ul-Qadri, he wanted some senior representative of the Army to come and negotiate with him, while he docked himself up in the aircraft, at Lahore airport; refusing to get down. I quote one of my short-writing here. “1st Line: 1st line of defence is manned and held by 1st line forces. 1st line forces fight 1st line enemy. If this is not the situation……” Sorry Imran Khan, the claims of an enlightened leader….did not help you. You cried for armed-forces to hold the elections for you!
Two solutions have been applied so far; one negotiations and the other forceful eviction. Both are symptomatic and short-lived. Both of these are devoid of ability to address the core of the issue, or the fact of the matter. In fact these solutions or courses of action dissuade you to a level, preventing even from defining the problem.
Society. Of course it is a complex of interactive and interdependent expanding and squeezing set of values and prejudices. It includes customs, traditions and, both, written and understood rules, dos & don’ts. Society helps the individuals and groups of all forms and sizes to live in a state of balance. Each can grow within its realms of responsibilities and obligations. Society lays the expectations, jurisdictions and levels of stratified subjugations and hierarchy; thus saving from anarchy. We leave aside debate (Burke vs. Engles) whether society determines the state or vice versa. A society, where there are no obligations and no responsibilities, will fail to exist as a human society sooner, rather than later. Then there is only one set of rules and laws, the law of jungle. Then one segment of society can destroy the facility (Metro Bus) of others. In jungle they live for their food and carnal needs. And ensure it by the size of their nails, teeth, sting, venom and ability
آزادی افکار سے ان کی تباہی رکھتے نہیں جو فکر و تدبر کا سلیقہ
ہوفکراگر خام تو آزادی افکار انسان کوہےحیوان بنانےکاطریقہ
to bite [the parliament attackers of PTI]. Some are good at disguise, escape and hiding. For an in-depth review of metamorphic study in political philosophy of state and society influencing modern times may I refer to Hegel, Paine, Hobbes and Rousseau.
Islam. I find it far easy to handle this last and third actor and factor, as compared to the above two. Whenever they [our leaders and mob rising for ناموس رسالت] are called by the government or they themselves convene a conference, they bear and carry and use all such titles which were never used by any of His prophets (pbut) spread over 8,500 to 9,000 years. Their source of Islam does not lie within the confines of His books and the conduct of His chosen people. None of them attire, talk or conduct like His chosen People. Look at the mere names of these Ulemas. They are amongst the longest. Now can you quote me one prophet with more than one worded name! Their sources to quote are beyond His representatives to mankind. They lay their own boundaries, which are quite exclusive. Each chunk has a name and title, some by cities, some by schools, some by names of peers…some by clans and tribes…. And they still have 6:159 in their Quran, and they also have 42:13. And they dare call themselves Muslims too.
Conclusion. The state and society relationship with all its aspects of primacy, authority to use violence, right of property even right to choose religion or defining the domain of religion has been changing all the time. It is slow and steady and remains elusive to myopic minds and sights. The political map of world has been ever-changing. Simple societies; gatherers and hunters had no states (Spencer). Natives of Botswana and large parts of Kalahari Deserts are considered to be the oldest people. Then there were city states, good a thousand of them, then territories expanded and tribal chiefs, princes and rajas, kings and emperors came into being, and they gave rise to dynasties. No more…. I can insert here map of Central Europe of 1360. But can you, you the hooligans of D-Chowk, be the vice-regent of His universe [2:30]? You hatred grown, prejudiced fed chunk leaders, how would you know His physical world and conquer to be benevolent for His mankind [45:3-5, 11-13; 98:7]? Who are you? What a simple question to ask.
How victorious you feel with hands raised in V, having damaged and destroyed the private and mostly public property. How foolish you looked, while throwing shoes at the helicopter hovering over you. See what you left behind, tons of filth and garbage….which chaleeswan whose Namoos?